Wednesday, March 16, 2011

Will the Radiation Fallout in Fukushima Japan Reach Malaysia or Spread? How Nuclear Reactor Works, Prevention and Symptoms of Radiation Exposure.

Everyone is worried about the radiation leakage in Fukushima, Japan spreading to other countries. To understand the situation, let’s take a look at the basic operation of a nuclear reactor. A kilogram of Uranium in nuclear reactor can generate 3 million times more energy than a kilogram of coal. It is a clean and efficient way of generating power for a country like Japan which has limited natural resources. However, this is only true if we can effectively contain the radiation in the reactor itself. When Uranium absorbs a neutron, a nuclear fission will occur. The uranium will splits into lighter isotopes, Barium and Krypton. The free neutrons generated will react with other uranium and this would cause other reaction which is known as nuclear chain reaction. These reactions produce thermal energy which is then harvested to for electricity production. Moderators like light water, graphite or heavy water are used absorb some of these neutrons to control the reactions in the reactor.

When there is a leak or explosion in a nuclear reactor, radioactive particles or dust are carried by the wind in to the atmosphere. The contaminated water from these reactors can also leak in to our water system. Decaying radioactive material produces ionizing radiation that interferes with our body chemical system which in turn would lead to cancer. Accumulation of radioactive iodine in our thyroid gland can cause thyroid cancer. However, taking potassium iodide (KI, Iostat®, ThyroBlock®) pill can obstruct the accumulation of this radioactive iodine. Radioactive iodine has half life of 8 days and it is not as dangerous as Cesium (Cs 137, half life 30.07 years) which has a half life of around 3 decades and Strontium (Sr 90, half life of 28.78). Therefore, there is a serious danger of our food chain being contamination by these radioactive materials. The amount of damage to our body corresponds to the level of radiation that we are exposed to. The common long term illnesses are cancer, tumours and genetic mutation. A single acute exposure common symptom includes nausea and vomiting. Other symptoms are hair loss, diarrhea, bloody vomiting, fever, fatigue, headache, dizziness and disorientation. Severe exposure of 6 to 8 Sv can result in death in most cases. The time within exposure and the appearance of the systems is an indication of the level of radiation absorbed by the body. The best ways to prevent exposures are time and distance. Distance would reduce the dose rate and time as well because of the half life of radioactive isotopes decays. As long as the wind from Fukushima, Japan is not blowing into our way or the water system is not flowing to our country, the chances of exposure to this radioactive contamination would be minimal. Meanwhile, just stay healthy and take a good care of your Health.

@copyright material of http://peteformation.blogspot.com

12 comments:

Hayley said...

Wow, very detailed information!
Thanks for sharing!

Luciana said...

Thanks for sharing!!!

Yvonne said...

Thanks for sharing this useful information, Pete. There's a lot of rumours and unreliable smses being circulated these few days. But I stick to Yahoo/MSN news for updates.

Puan Isah said...

Yes everybody talking about this radiation thing. Thanks for sharing yours. I agree, stay healthy & take care of our own health.

reanaclaire said...

received some sms.. sounded so serious.. yes, pray that it does not blow this way.. anyway, encouraged to stay indoors? how to be healthy when our air is polluted outside, Pete.. guess we should treasure our day by day living.. dont hold grudges, live happily each day.. :)

Jeannie said...

Next time just read PeteFormation for info:D very in detailed...now must go ask my boss to give some KI.

Bananazஇ said...

tQ Pete for a detailed info nothing much we can do at the moment but to pray for the better and on a look out for constant updates. kamsia

Somewhere in Singapore said...

Thanks for sharing...

Alice Law said...

I heard our health ministry announced those warning sms are faults.... however it's definitely a huge impact for the Japanese!

[SK] said...

yeah, my friend called me after he received the SMS hoax.. i was really suspicious of how the radiation can travel so far.. read the paper this afternoon and it was said that Malaysia is still safe from the radiation..

wenn said...

true, stay healthy.

Christine said...

good info Pete, you must be an engineer! Let's stay positive and hope for the best.

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